The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) is how the Government and early years professionals describe the time in your child’s life between birth and age 5.

This is a very important stage as it helps your child get ready for school as well as preparing them for their future learning and successes. From when your child is born up until the age of 5, their early years experience should be happy, active, exciting, fun and secure; and support their development, care and learning needs.

As a nursery registered to deliver the EYFS, we follow a legal document called the Early Years Foundation Stage Framework. Amongst other things, this sets out the 7 areas of learning and development which guide our engagement with your child’s play and activities as they learn new skills and knowledge. Three areas are particularly crucial for igniting children’s curiosity and enthusiasm for learning, and for building their capacity to learn, form relationships and thrive.

These three areas, the prime areas, are:

  • Personal, Social and Emotional Development

  • Physical Development

  • Communication and Language

The prime areas are strengthened and applied through four specific areas:

  • Literacy

  • Mathematics

  • Understanding of the World

  • Expressive arts and design

Communication and Language 

Children are given opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations.

Physical Development

Children are given opportunities to be active and interactive; and to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Children are helped to understand the importance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food.

Personal, Social and Emotional Development 

Children are helped to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups; and to have confidence in their own abilities.

Understanding the World

Children are guided to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.


Children are encouraged to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write. There is also access to a wide range of reading materials to ignite their interest.


Children are provided with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces, and measures.

Expressive Art and Design

Children have the opportunity to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials.  They are encouraged to share their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of  activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play, and design and technology.